The Trees Summary and Solutions Class 10 English Ch 8


The Trees Summary Chapter Summary  Notes 2023

 NCERT based  Class 10 English Chapters Summary Chapter 8 The Trees is available for reading or downloading on this page as a free PDF download for Class 10 English (First Flight) Poem 8 - The Trees Summary 

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CBSE Class 10th English Chapter 8 Notes   

The Trees  Best Handwritten Notes  2023

Summary Central Idea of the Poem

The poem The Trees' by Adrienne Rich shows the conflict between man and nature. With the growth and development of society, human beings have used nature for their own benefit and caused a lot of harm to it. In order to use natural resources like forests, minerals etc. men have forgotten the importance of nature. The poet wants to give the message that the presence of a few trees inside our homes does not become equal to nature, it is a very false idea of nature. Real nature is outside, in the forests that we have destroyed.

The trees in the speaker's house want to break the walls of the house and move to the forest which

has become empty. The birds can sit again on their branches, the insects can hide there and the sun rays can disappear under the shadow of the trees. The poem tells us how the trees want to break free from the walls that humans have put around them, and go out in the forest.


Stanza I

The trees inside are moving out into the forest,

the forest that was empty all these days

where no bird could sit no insect hide

no sun bury its feet in shadow

the forest that was empty all these nights

will be full of trees by morning


Empty - vacant, hollow, missing Bury-cover something so that it is not visible

Exp - The speaker of the poem observes that the trees in his house are moving outside into the forest which has been empty for a long time. 
It is important to understand that the trees are not actually moving, but it has been used as an imagery by the poet to show the destroyed forests and the false nature that humans have tried to keep in their houses. Since the forest outside was empty, no birds could sit on the branches of trees, no insects could hide in the trees and sunlight could never disappear under the shadows of the trees.
 The speaker feels that the empty forest will be full of trees by the next morning.

Stanza 2

All night the roots work to

disengage themselves from the cracks In the veranda floor.

small twigs stiff with exertion

The leaves strain toward the glass long-cramped boughs shuffling under the roof like newly discharged patients half-dazed, moving to the clinic doors.


Disengage -

get free

Veranda - the space right outside the house but attached to it

Strain-make a lot of effort

Twigs - the topmost part of branches



Boughs - larger branches of a tree Stuffing dragging motion without lifting feet

Half-dazed-half shocked/or half asleep

Exp-It seems like the trees work silently in the night in order to complete their mission of getting free from the boundaries of the house. Therefore, they work all night to free themselves through the cracks on the veranda floor. 
The leaves of the trees try very hard to put a lot of pressure on the glass so that they could break it. The small twigs have become very hard due to applying so much pressure to free themselves. 
The larger branches of the trees that have shrunk because of being inside the walls and under the roof, where they cannot grow much. They try to move slowly from there and look like newly discharged patients from a hospital, who become half-shocked on coming to the outside world.

Stanza 3

I sit inside, doors open to the veranda

writing long letters

in which scarcely mention the departure

of the forest from the house.

The night is fresh, the whole moon shines

in a sky still open

the smell of leaves and lichen still reaches like a voice into the rooms.



Lichen - crusty patches on tree trunks

Exp-The speaker, who could be the poet herself, sits in her house, writing long letters, the doors of

which open to the veranda. She hardly mentions in her letters about the trees that are moving out to the The poet can smell the leaves and lichens coming from the trees that reach her like a voice empty forest. It is a full moon night where the moon is shining in the open sky and the night is very fresh.

Stanza 4

My head is full of whispers which tomorrow will be silent.

Listen. The glass is breaking

The trees are stumbling forward

into the night. Winds rush to meet them.

The moon is broken like a mirror, its pieces flash now in the crown of the tallest cak


Whishpers - low hushing voices


Stumbling - walk unsteadily


Flash - shine

Oak - The name of a tree

Exp - The speaker listens to the sounds coming from the leaves and lichens of the trees. These sounds will not be there in the morning as the trees will move out to the forest in the night and will not be in the house by morning. 

Now, the speaker can hear the glass breaking due to the efforts of the twigs. As the glass breaks, the trees hurry outside and in doing so, they fall on each other and get struck at different places. As the trees go in the open, it seems like the wind is moving fast towards them to meet them. The tail trees can finally stand straight as they are free. They are so tall that they have broken the moon into pieces like a broken mirror.
 The moon now sits like the crowns on the heads of the tall oak trees. Again, the use of moon is an imagery to show that between the ground and the sky stands the trees; and one can only look at parts of the moon, and not the full moon, from under the trees.

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